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30

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Prostate Cancer, Version 1.2016

4

Overview of cancer

treatments

30 Active surveillance

31 Surgical treatment

36 Radiation therapy

38 Cryosurgery

39 Hormone therapy

40 Immunotherapy

40 Chemotherapy

42 Radiopharmaceuticals

43 Clinical trials

43 Understudied treatments

44 Review

Active surveillance

Small prostate tumors often have been found with

PSA screening tests. They are also found in prostates

removed because of benign prostatic hyperplasia. If

small tumors grow slowly, they may not ever cause

health problems, especially if you’re older. Thus,

some men would suffer needlessly from treatment

side effects if all men with prostate cancer were

treated. Another option is active surveillance. Active

surveillance involves ongoing testing until treatment

to try to cure the cancer is needed. More information

about this option can be found in Part 5.

Part 4 briefly describes the main

treatment types for prostate cancer.

Knowing what a treatment is will

help you understand your treatment

options listed in Parts 5 through 7. Not

every man with prostate cancer will

receive every treatment listed. Before

any treatment, talk with your doctor

about sperm-banking if you plan to

have children.