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4

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Prostate Cancer, Version 1.2016

How to use this book

Who should read this book?

This book is about treatment for an

adenocarcinoma of the prostate. About 98

out of 100 men with prostate cancer have an

adenocarcinoma. Women don’t get prostate

cancer because they don’t have a prostate.

Patients and those who support them—

caregivers, family, and friends—may find this

book helpful. It may help you discuss and decide

with doctors what care is best.

Where should I start

reading?

Starting with

Part 1

may be helpful. It explains

what prostate cancer is. Knowing more about

prostate cancer may help you better understand

its treatment. To learn how doctors plan

treatment, read

Parts 2

and

3

.

Parts 4 through 7 address prostate cancer

treatment.

Part 4

briefly describes the

treatments.

Parts 5 through 7

are guides to

treatment options.

Part 8

gives tips for making

treatment decisions.

Does the whole book apply

to me?

This book includes information for many

situations. Your treatment team can help. They

can point out what information applies to you.

They can also give you more information. As you

read through this book, you may find it helpful to

make a list of questions to ask your doctors.

The recommendations in this book are based on

science and the experience of NCCN experts.

However, these recommendations may not be

right for you. Your doctors may suggest other

tests and treatments based on your health and

other factors. If other suggestions are given, feel

free to ask your treatment team questions.

Making sense of medical

terms

In this book, many medical words are included.

These are words that you will likely hear from

your treatment team. Most of these words may

be new to you, and it may be a lot to learn.

Don’t be discouraged as you read. Keep reading

and review the information. Don’t be shy to ask

your treatment team to explain a word or phrase

that you do not understand.

Words that you may not know are defined in the

text or in the

Dictionary

. Words in the

Dictionary

are underlined when first used on a page.

Acronyms are also defined when first used

and in the

Glossary

. Acronyms are short words

formed from the first letters of several words.

One example is PSA for

p

rostate-

s

pecific

a

ntigen.