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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Version 1.2017

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summariz

es key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia . T

hese guidelines explain which tests and treatments are

recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCC N.or g/patients

or, to order printed copies, visit Amazon.com

What is ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia)?

Leukemias are cancers that start in blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. There is more

than one type of leukemia.

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ALL is a fast-growing leukemia that causes too many young white blood cells (blast cells)

to be made. Those young white blood cells would normally become a type of white blood

cells called lymphocytes.

Do I have ALL?

ALL may cause a number of symptoms, often due to a low number of healthy blood cells.

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To confirm if you have ALL, a sample of blood and bone marrow must be removed from

your body. The samples will be sent to a lab to be tested for leukemia cells.

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What tests do I need before treatment?

Medical history and exam of your body to check for signs of disease.

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Blood tests to count the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

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Urinalysis, also other blood tests to assess levels of chemicals, find your blood type, check

for viruses, and find your tissue type.

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Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration to remove a sample of bone marrow for testing.

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Bone marrow tests to show if ALL started in B-lymphocytes or T-lymphocytes.

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Genetic tests to look for certain gene and chromosome changes in the leukemia cells.

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Lumbar puncture to remove spinal fluid to test for leukemia cells.

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Imaging tests to look inside your body for cancer sites (only needed in some cases).

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A test to check the health of your heart.

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NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

Ü

Version 1.2017

NCCN

GUIDELINES

FOR PATIENTS

®

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Acute Lymphoblastic

Leukemia

Treatment Planning