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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

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Brain Cancer – Gliomas, Version 1.2016

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

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sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : B

rain Cancer – Gliomas. These guidelines explain which tests and

treatments are recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines,

visit

NCCN.org/patients

or, to order printed copies, visit

Amazon.com

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What are gliomas?

They are cancers of glial cells. Glial cells support nerve cells in the brain and spine.

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Astrocytomas and glioblastomas derive from glial cells called astrocytes.

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What are the treatment options for pilocytic astrocytomas?

These grade I gliomas are often cured with surgery.

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What are the treatment options for diffuse astrocytomas?

Surgery is often used to confirm the presence of and to treat grade II astrocytomas. MRI is

often needed to assess how much of the cancer was removed.

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More treatment is often received after surgery. Only astrocytomas that were fully removed

or those with stable or no symptoms may be observed rather than treated. If more

treatment is needed, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both may be received.

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MRI scans are needed on a regular basis to track treatment results.

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If a grade II astrocytoma returns, surgery may be an option. After surgery or instead of,

you may receive radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both if you weren’t treated with

radiation before. If you had radiation before, chemotherapy should follow surgery or may

be the sole treatment if surgery isn’t an option.

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NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

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Version 1.2016

NCCN

GUIDELINES

FOR PATIENTS

®

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

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Brain Cancer – Gliomas

Astrocytomas and glioblastomas