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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

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Brain Cancer – Gliomas, Version 1.2016

What are gliomas?

They are cancers of glial cells. Glial cells support nerve cells in the brain and spine.

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Ependymomas derive from

ependymal cells

.

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What are the treatment options for subependymoma?

These grade I ependymomas can be cured with surgery.

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What are the treatment options for other ependymomas?

Surgery is often used to confirm the presence of and to treat ependymomas. After surgery,

brain and spine MRI and a lumbar puncture is often needed.

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More treatment is often received after surgery. If all the cancer was removed you may be

observed rather than treated. Otherwise, an option is radiation therapy if the cancer hasn’t

spread to other sites. Cancer that has spread may be treated with craniospinal radiation

therapy.

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MRI of your brain, spine, or both are needed on a regular basis to track treatment results.

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If an ependymoma returns, surgery may be an option. After surgery or instead of, you

may receive radiation therapy if not received before or in some cases, stereotactic

radiosurgery.

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NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

Ü

Version 1.2016

NCCN

GUIDELINES

FOR PATIENTS

®

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Brain Cancer – Gliomas

Ependymomas

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : B

rain Cancer – Gliomas. These guidelines explain which tests and

treatments are recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines,

visit

NCCN.org/patients

or, to order printed copies, visit

Amazon.com .