1 / 2 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
1 / 2 Next Page
Page Background

1 of 2

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016

Version 1.2015

This NCCNQuick Guide

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Esophageal Cancer.

These guidelines explain which tests and treatments are recommended

by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCCN.org/patients

or, to order printed

copies, visit

Amazon.com.

Esophageal Cancer

NCCN Quick Guide

tm

Versio . 16

What is esophageal cancer?

The esophagus is a tube-shaped organ that connects the throat and stomach. Esophageal

cancer is a disease of cells that line the wall of this tube. The most common types are

squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas.

10

How do doctors rate esophageal cancer for staging?

T scores

Tumors rated Tis are confined to first layer of the esophageal wall. T1

tumors haven’t grown beyond the second layer of the esophageal wall

while T2, T3, and T4 tumors have.

14

N scores

Nearby lymph nodes rated N0 are cancer-free. N1, N2, and N3 scores

mean the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.

M scores

No cancer in distant sites is rated M0. An M1 score means the cancer has

spread to one or more sites beyond the lymph nodes.

What tests do I need before treatment?

A report of your health history and an exam of your body

22

Tests of blood cell counts and other blood values

24

Pictures of the insides of your chest, belly area, and sometimes pelvis made by a CT scan

and if needed, PET/CT

24

An exam of your upper GI tract with a tool (endoscope) that is guided down your throat

The tool may equipped with an imaging device to check the tumor depth and lymph nodes

The tool may be equipped with a device that can remove part or all of the tumor

26

If needed, an exam of your airways with a tool (bronchoscope) guided down your windpipe

27

If needed, an exam of your belly area with a tool (laparoscope) inserted through a small cut

27

If needed, removal of tissue from distant sites to test for cancer

27

Test of a marker—HER2—if M1 adenocarcinoma

28

NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

Ü