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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the compl

ete NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Kidney Cancer . T

hese guidelines explain which tests and treatments are recommended

by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCC N.or g/patients

or, to order

printed copies, visit

Amazon.com

.

What is kidney cancer?

The kidneys are a pair of organs that filter blood to remove waste from the body through urine.

Kidney cancer causes tumors to grow inside and sometimes spread outside the kidney. RCC

(

r

enal

c

ell

c

arcinoma) is the most common type of kidney cancer.

8

What tests do I need before treatment?

Tests that look for

signs of disease

Family and medical history

Physical exam

16

CBC and blood chemistry tests

18

Urinalysis

21

First tests that find

and confirm kidney

cancer

CT scan of your belly area and possibly the pelvis

MRI scan of your belly area

X-ray of your chest

16

Further tests that

may be needed

CT scan of chest

MRI of your brain

Bone scan

Biopsy (possible, but often done during surgery)

24

How do doctors rate cancer growth for treatment planning?

Cancer

staging

Cancer staging is how doctors assess and rate the extent of the cancer. The

cancer stage is based on the growth of the primary tumor and its spread to

other sites in your body. It is used to plan which treatments are best for you.

24

Stage I

The tumor is 7 cm or smaller and is only in the kidney.

27

Stage II

The tumor is larger than 7 cm and is only in the kidney.

27

Stage III

The tumor has grown into a major vein or surrounding fat and cancer cells

might have spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or, the tumor is only in the

kidney and cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes.

27

Stage IV

The tumor has grown beyond the fibrous tissue surrounding the kidney,

maybe into the adrenal gland, and cancer cells have spread to nearby

lymph nodes but not to tissues far away. Or, the tumor is of any size and

cancer cells have spread to tissues far away.

27

NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

Ü

Version 1.2017

NCCN

GUIDELINES

FOR PATIENTS

®

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Kidney Cancer