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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Nausea and Vomiting, Version 1.2016

Version 1.2015

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : N

ausea and Vomiting.

These guidelines explain which tests and treatments are

recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCCN.org/patients

or, to order printed copies, visit

Amazon.com .

Nausea and Vomiting

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

TM

What is nausea and vomiting?

Nausea is that feeling you have when you are going to throw-up. Vomiting (emesis) is throwing

up what is in your stomach.

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What is antiemesis?

Antiemesis is the prevention of nausea and vomiting. It is a medical term used by doctors.

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What cancer treatments can cause nausea and vomiting?

n

Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or rays to kill cancer cells.

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n

Chemotherapy includes drugs that disrupt the life cycle of cancer cells.

n

Targeted therapy seeks out and blocks how cancer cells grow and move in the body.

n

Immunotherapy is designed to boost immune activity. It helps the immune system find and

attack cancer cells.

What are the types of nausea and vomiting?

Chemotherapy-

induced nausea

and vomiting

Chemotherapy attacks fast-dividing cancer cells and can also damage

normal cells. This damage causes side effects like nausea and

vomiting.

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Radiation-induced

nausea and

vomiting

Radiation therapy is given from a machine outside the body. Nausea

and vomiting is more likely to happen when radiation is used to treat

the upper abdomen or whole body.

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NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

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Versio . 16