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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Prostate Cancer, Version 1.2016

Prostate Cancer

Is there any good news about prostate cancer?

Most men with prostate cancer will not die from it. Prostate cancer may become life-threatening

only if it has spread outside your prostate. What's more, you’ll likely have treatment options and

be able to choose what’s best for you.

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How can I know if the cancer has or will spread?

By tests that detected and confirmed the cancer

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By your doctors’ ratings of the extent of the cancer

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By other tests and tools used to assess if the cancer will become life-threatening

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Where do I start in deciding treatment?

Risk groups can be a starting point to learn which options will likely have the best results.

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What are the options for the risk groups?

Very low risk

NCCN experts are concerned about the over-treatment of these cancers.

Thus, if you’re older or quite sick, observation is recommended. For

everybody else, active surveillance is an option. If you’ll likely live 20 or

more years, other options are radiation therapy (external or seed) and

surgery to remove your prostate and maybe lymph nodes.

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Low risk

Like very low risk, observation is the option if you’re older or quite sick.

Otherwise, active surveillance, external or seed radiation, and surgery

to remove your prostate and maybe lymph nodes are options.

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Intermediate

risk

If you’re older or quite sick, options are observation, external radiation ±

seed radiation ± hormone therapy, and in some cases, seed radiation only.

For everybody else, you have the same radiation options but also surgery

to remove your prostate and maybe lymph nodes. Active surveillance may

be an option for some men but needs more research.

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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

TM

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines for

Patients

®

: Prostate Cancer.

These guidelines explain which tests and treatments are recommended by

experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCCN.org/patients

or, to order printed

copies, visit

Amazon.com

.

Version 1.2016

NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

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