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NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017

This NCCNQUICK GUIDE

tm

sheet summarizes key points from the complete

NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

: Thyroid Cancer

.

These guidelines explain which tests and treatments are

recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit

NCC N.or g/ patients

or, to order printed copies, visit

Amazon.com

.

Where is the thyroid gland?

The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It is found below the Adam’s apple (thyroid cartilage) in

the lower, front part of your neck.

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What is thyroid cancer? What are the cell types?

• Thyroid cancer starts in the cells of the thyroid gland.

• The cell types for thyroid cancer are: papillary, follicular, and Hürthle cell (differentiated

cell types); anaplastic (an undifferentiated cell type); and medullary.

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What is a thyroid nodule?

Nodules are small, often round areas of abnormal tissue. Most nodules are not cancer

(benign) but some may be cancer (malignant). People can have one thyroid nodule or more

than one at a time.

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How is thyroid cancer found?

Ultrasound is the most common imaging test used for thyroid cancer.

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A biopsy removes samples of fluid or tissue to diagnose cancer. FNA is the recommended

form of biopsy to assess abnormal thyroid nodules.

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What is the main treatment option for thyroid cancer?

Surgery is the main treatment for thyroid cancer.

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NCCN Guidelines

for Patients

®

Page Number

Ü

Version 1.2017

NCCN

GUIDELINES

FOR PATIENTS

®

NCCN QUICK GUIDE

tm

Thyroid Cancer