NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Rectal Cancer, Version 1.2017
How to use this book
Who should read this book?
This book is about treatment for adenocarcinoma of
the rectum. It does not discuss colon cancer. Patients
and those who support them—caregivers, family,
and friends—may find this book helpful. It is a good
starting point to learn what your options may be.
Are the book chapters in a
Early chapters explain concepts that are repeated
in later chapters. Starting with
may help. It
explains what rectal cancer is. It also explains how
rectal cancer is found and cancer stages.
It is important to know the stage of the cancer. Your
treatment plan will be partly based on the cancer
stage. Tests that help doctors plan treatment are
An overview of treatments for rectal cancer is
. Knowing what a treatment is will
help you understand your options. Treatment options
are presented in
Parts 4 through 6
partly based on
the cancer stage. Tips for talking and deciding your
options with your doctor are presented in
Does this book include all
This book includes information for many people.
Your treatment team can point out what applies to
you. They can also give you more information. While
reading, make a list of questions to ask your doctors.
The treatment options are based on science and
the experience of NCCN experts. However, their
recommendations may not be right for you. Your
doctors may suggest other options based on your
health and other factors. If other options are given,
ask your treatment team questions.
Help! What do the words
In this book, many medical words are included.
These are words that your treatment team may say
to you. Most of these words may be new to you. It
may be a lot to learn.
Don’t be discouraged as you read. Keep reading and
review the information. Ask your treatment team to
explain a word or phrase that you do not understand.
Words that you may not know are defined in the text
or in the
. Acronyms are also defined when
first used and in the
. Acronyms are short
words formed from the first letters of several words.
One example is DNA for