NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Rectal Cancer
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6

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Rectal Cancer, Version 1.2017

How to use this book

Who should read this book?

This book is about treatment for adenocarcinoma of

the rectum. It does not discuss colon cancer. Patients

and those who support them—caregivers, family,

and friends—may find this book helpful. It is a good

starting point to learn what your options may be.

Are the book chapters in a

certain order?

Early chapters explain concepts that are repeated

in later chapters. Starting with

Part 1

may help. It

explains what rectal cancer is. It also explains how

rectal cancer is found and cancer stages.

It is important to know the stage of the cancer. Your

treatment plan will be partly based on the cancer

stage. Tests that help doctors plan treatment are

described in

Part 2

.

An overview of treatments for rectal cancer is

presented in

Part 3

. Knowing what a treatment is will

help you understand your options. Treatment options

are presented in

Parts 4 through 6

partly based on

the cancer stage. Tips for talking and deciding your

options with your doctor are presented in

Part 7

.

Does this book include all

options?

This book includes information for many people.

Your treatment team can point out what applies to

you. They can also give you more information. While

reading, make a list of questions to ask your doctors.

The treatment options are based on science and

the experience of NCCN experts. However, their

recommendations may not be right for you. Your

doctors may suggest other options based on your

health and other factors. If other options are given,

ask your treatment team questions.

Help! What do the words

mean?

In this book, many medical words are included.

These are words that your treatment team may say

to you. Most of these words may be new to you. It

may be a lot to learn.

Don’t be discouraged as you read. Keep reading and

review the information. Ask your treatment team to

explain a word or phrase that you do not understand.

Words that you may not know are defined in the text

or in the

Dictionary

. Acronyms are also defined when

first used and in the

Glossary

. Acronyms are short

words formed from the first letters of several words.

One example is DNA for

d

eoxyribo

n

ucleic

a

cid.