NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Rectal Cancer, Version 1.2017
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
The pattern and outcome of a disease.
The growth or spread of cancer after being tested or treated.
The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
A doctor who specializes in reading imaging tests.
An organ in the digestive system that holds stool until
expelled from the body.
The return of cancer after a cancer-free period.
The outer covering, in some places, of the rectal wall; also
called the visceral peritoneum.
A polyp that is flat.
An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.
The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.
stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)
Radiation therapy that uses precise, high-dose beams.
Unused food passed out of the body; also called feces.
The second layer of the rectal wall made mostly of
A thin layer of connective tissue that makes fluid.
Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions caused by
cancer or cancer treatment.
A protein found in the membrane of cells.
The normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is
removed during surgery.
Drugs that stop the action of molecules that start the growth
of cancer cells.
three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Radiation therapy that uses beams that match the shape of
Insertion of a thin tool into the colon to view the entire colon
and, if needed, remove tissue.
total mesorectal excision
An operation that removes your rectum and nearby tissue in
An operation that removes tissue through cuts into the
An operation that removes tissue through the anus.
A group of 5 or fewer cancer cells separate from the main
The presence of tiny tumors where the lymph drains from
A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the insides
of the body.
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.
A polyp with a ruffled structure.