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85

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Rectal Cancer, Version 1.2017

Acronyms

Acronyms

3D-CRT

three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

AJCC

American Joint Committee on Cancer

APR

abdominoperineal resection

CAM

complementary and alternative medicine

CBC

complete blood count

CEA

carcinoembryonic antigen

CT

computed tomography

dMMR

defective mismatch repair

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

EBRT

external beam radiation therapy

EGF

epidermal growth factor

EGFR

epidermal growth factor receptor

FAP

familial adenomatous polyposis

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

HAI

hepatic arterial infusion

HNPCC

hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer

IHC

immunohistochemistry

IMRT

intensity-modulated radiation therapy

IORT

intraoperative radiation therapy

LAR

low anterior resection

LINAC

linear accelerator

MMR

mismatch repair

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MSI

microsatellite instability

MSI-H

microsatellite instability-high

MSI-L

microsatellite instability-low

MSS

microsatellite stable

NCCN

®

National Comprehensive Cancer Network

®

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PET

positron emission tomography

PET/CT

positron emission tomography/ computed tomography

SBRT

stereotactic body radiation therapy

TME

total mesorectal excision

VEGF

vascular endothelial growth factor