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NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Version 1.2014

66

Glossary

Dictionary

Dictionary

abdomen

The belly area between the chest and pelvis.

ablation

Treatment that destroys very small tumors.

adjuvant treatment

Treatment that is given after the main treatment used to cure

the cancer.

allergic reaction

Symptoms that are caused when the body is trying to rid

itself of outside agents.

angiogram

A test that uses x-rays to make pictures of blood flow within

an artery.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for

disease.

brachytherapy

Treatment with radioactive objects placed near or in a tumor.

Also called internal radiation.

cancer grade

A rating of how much cancer cells look like normal cells.

cancer stage

A rating of the growth and spread of cancer.

Carney-Stratakis syndrome

A health condition that is passed down from parents and

marked by gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

catheter

A flexible tube inserted in the body to give treatment or drain

fluid from the body.

chemoembolization

Treatment that cuts off blood supply to tumors with beads

coated with chemotherapy.

chemoradiation

Treatment with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation

therapy.

chemotherapy

Drugs that kill cancer cells by damaging or disrupting the

making of the genetic code.

clinical trial

Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how

well it works.

computed tomography (CT)

A test that combines many x-rays taken from different angles

to make a picture of the insides of the body.

contrast

A dye that is put into the body to make clearer pictures

during imaging tests.

core-needle biopsy

Removal of a large tissue sample with a thick, hollow needle

to test for disease.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded

instructions for making and controlling cells.

desmoid tumor

A mass of fibrous cells that can grow into nearby tissue but

can’t spread to distant sites.

embolization

Treatment that cuts off blood supply to tumors with beads

inserted into an artery.

endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle

aspiration (EUS-FNA)

Removal of fluid with a needle that is guided with an imaging

test to the tumor.

external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

Treatment with radiation received from a machine outside

the body.

familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)

A health condition that is passed down from parents and

increases the chance of getting sarcoma.

fascia

A deep layer of soft tissue.