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NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Version 1.2014

67

Glossary

Dictionary

fine-needle aspiration (FNA)

Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body

to test for disease.

Gardner’s syndrome

A health condition that is passed down from parents and

increases the chance of getting sarcoma.

gastroenterologist

A doctor who’s an expert in digestive diseases.

gene

A set of coded instructions in cells needed to make new cells

and control how cells behave.

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

genetic assessment

Testing for diseases that are caused by abnormal information

in cells that is passed down from parents.

hereditary

Passed down from parent to child through coded information

in cells.

hives

Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by the body trying to rid

itself of an outside agent.

imaging

A test that makes pictures of the insides of the body.

immune system

The body’s natural defense against disease.

immunotherapy

Treatment that uses the body’s natural defense against

disease.

intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Treatment with radiation that uses small beams of different

strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.

interoperative radiation therapy (IORT)

Radiation therapy given during surgery.

isolated limb chemotherapy

A method of giving drugs through a needle directly into a leg

or arm.

KIT

A molecule within a chemical pathway that starts cell growth.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome

A health condition that is passed down from parents and

increases the chance of getting sarcoma.

lymph node

A small group of disease-fighting cells.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make

pictures of the insides of the body.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

medical oncologist

A doctor who’s an expert in cancer drugs.

metastasectomy

Surgery to remove tumors that formed far from the first site

of cancer.

metastasis

The spread of cancer cells from the first (primary) tumor to a

distant site.

mutation

An abnormal change in a cell’s coded instructions for making

and controlling cells.

neoadjuvant treatment

Treatment that is given before the main treatment used to

cure a disease.

nutritionist

An expert in healthy foods and drinks.

observation

A period of testing for cancer growth.

occupational therapist

An expert in helping people live life unaided.

oncology surgeon

A doctor who’s an expert in operations that remove cancer.

palliative care

Treatment for symptoms of a disease. Also sometimes called

supportive care.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.