NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Stage 0 Breast Cancer - page 42

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Stage 0 Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
Dictionary
areola
A darker, circular area of skin on the breast surrounding the
nipple.
axillary lymph node
Group of special disease-fighting cells located near the
armpit.
bilateral
Involving both sides of the body or both breasts.
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Surgery that removes both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
disease.
boost
An extra dose of radiation to a specific area of the body.
brachytherapy
Radiation received from a radioactive object placed near or
in the tumor.
breast-conserving therapy
Cancer treatment that includes removing the breast lump
and radiation therapy.
breast implant
A small bag filled with salt water, gel, or both that is used to
remake breasts.
breast reconstruction
Surgery to rebuild breasts.
cancer stage
Rating of the growth and spread of tumors.
carcinoma
Cancer that starts in cells that form the lining of organs and
structures in the body.
carcinoma in situ
Abnormal or cancer cells have not grown into the next layer
of tissue.
cataract
A health condition in which the lens of the eye becomes
cloudy.
catheter
A flexible tube inserted in the body to give treatment or drain
fluid from the body.
clinical breast exam
A physical exam of the breasts by a health professional to
feel for disease.
clinical trial
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
connective tissue
Supporting and binding tissue that surrounds other tissues
and organs.
contrast
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
imaging tests.
core needle biopsy
Use of a needle to remove a large tissue sample to test for
cancer cells.
diabetes
A disease that causes high levels of blood sugar.
duct
A tube in the breast that drains breast milk.
ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Cancer that started within and hasn’t grown beyond the
breast ducts.
estrogen
A hormone that develops female body traits.
excisional biopsy
Surgery that removes an entire tumor to test for cancer cells.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Treatment with radiation received from a machine outside
the body.
fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Removal of a small tissue sample with a very thin needle.
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