NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Stage 0 Breast Cancer - page 43

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Stage 0 Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
gene
Coded instructions in cells for making new cells and
controlling how cells behave.
general anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
genetic counseling
Discussion with a health expert about the risk for a disease
caused by changes in genes.
hereditary
Passed down from parent to child through coded information
in cells.
hernia
A health condition in which mucles weaken or tear allowing
organs or tissue to extend out.
hormone
Chemical in the body that activates cells or organs.
hormone receptor
Proteins inside of cells that bind with hormones.
hormone receptor–negative
Cancer cells that don’t use hormones to grow.
hormone receptor–positive
Cancer cells that use hormones to grow.
hormone therapy
Treatment that stops the making or action of hormones in the
body.
hot flashes
A health condition of intense body heat and sweat for short
periods.
immunohistochemistry (IHC)
A lab test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in
abnormal cell growth.
in situ
In its original place – cancer cells have not spread from
where they first formed.
incisional biopsy
A minor surgery that removes a tissue sample from a tumor.
internal radiation
Treatment with radiation received from an object placed near
or in the tumor.
invasive breast cancer
Cancer cells have grown into the supporting tissue of the
breast.
lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
Abnormal cells within the breast lobules only.
lobule
A gland in the breast that makes breast milk.
local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body from
drugs.
lumpectomy
Surgery to remove a breast lump and some normal tissue
around it.
lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
lymph node
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
pictures of the insides of the body.
mammogram
A picture of the insides of the breast that is made by an x-ray
test.
mammography
A test that uses x-rays to make pictures of the inside of the
breast.
mastectomy
Surgery to remove the whole breast.
medical history
All health events and medications taken to date.
multiple-catheter radiation
Use of multiple small tubes to place radioactive seeds in your
body for treatment.
mutation
An abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making
and controlling cells.
needle biopsy
Use of a needle to remove tissue for testing.
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