NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Stage 0 Breast Cancer - page 44

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Stage 0 Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
noninvasive breast cancer
Cancer cells have not grown into the supporting tissue of the
breast.
partial breast irradiation
Treatment with radiation that is only directed at the surgery
site.
pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
disease.
physical exam
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
progesterone
A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,
menstruation, and pregnancy.
puberty
The time when teens sexually develop.
radiation therapy
The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
risk factor
Something that increases the chance of getting a disease.
risk reduction
Something that is done to try to lessen the chance of getting
a disease.
sentinel lymph node biopsy
Surgery to remove the first lymph node(s) to which cancer
cells spread after leaving the breast tumor. Also called
sentinel lymph node dissection.
sentinel node
The first lymph node to which cancer cells spread after
leaving the breast tumor.
side effect
An unhealthy physical or emotional response to treatment.
simple mastectomy
Surgery that removes the entire breast but no chest muscles.
Also called total mastectomy.
simulation
The steps needed to prepare for treatment with radiation.
skin-sparing mastectomy
A surgery that removes all breast tissue but saves as much
breast skin as possible.
stereotactic-guided biopsy
Use of mammography to guide a needle into a breast tumor
to remove samples.
stroma
Supportive tissue in the breast.
surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a
part of the body.
surgical margin
The normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is
removed during surgery.
tamoxifen
A drug that lowers the amount of estrogen in the body.
total mastectomy
Surgery that removes the entire breast but no chest muscles.
Also called simple mastectomy.
treatment plan
A written course of action through cancer treatment and
beyond.
ultrasound
Use of sound waves to make pictures of the insides of the
body.
ultrasound-guided biopsy
Use of ultrasound to guide a needle into a breast tumor to
remove samples.
vulva
The female organs between the legs.
whole breast radiation
Treatment of the entire breast with radiation from a machine
outside the body.
wire localization biopsy
Use of wire guided into a tumor by mammography to find the
right spot for removing tissue samples.
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