NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Breast Cancer - Early-Stage
(STAGES I AND II)
, Version 1.2016
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
Treatment that is given to lower the chances of the cancer
A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones.
alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
A protein found in most tissues of the body.
A drug that stops estrogen from attaching to cells.
A drug that lowers the level of estrogen in the body.
axillary lymph node
A small group of special disease-fighting cells located near
axillary lymph node dissection
Surgery to remove axillary lymph nodes.
bilateral diagnostic mammogram
A test that uses multiple x-rays to make pictures of the
insides of both breasts.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
bone mineral density
A test that measures the strength of bones.
A test that uses radioactive material to assess for bone
An extra dose of radiation to a specific area of the body.
A small bag filled with salt water, gel, or both that is used to
Surgery to rebuild breasts.
Cancer treatment that includes removing the breast lump
and radiation therapy.
Rating of the growth and spread of tumors.
Cancer that starts in cells that form the lining of organs and
structures in the body.
A flexible tube inserted in the body to give treatment or drain
fluid from the body.
Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase in
The layer of muscle, bone, and tissue on the outer part of the
clinical breast exam
A physical exam of the breasts by a health professional to
feel for disease.
The rating of the extent of cancer based on tests before
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
core needle biopsy
Use of a needle to remove a large tissue sample to test for