Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  104 / 114 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 104 / 114 Next Page
Page Background

100

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Breast Cancer - Early-Stage

(STAGES I AND II)

, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

lobular carcinoma

A breast cancer that started in cells that line the breast

lobules.

lobule

A gland in the breast that makes breast milk.

local anesthesia

A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body from

drugs.

lumpectomy

Surgery to remove a breast lump and some normal tissue

around it.

luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)

A hormone in the brain that helps control the making of

estrogen by the ovaries.

lymph

A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymph node

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.

lymphedema

Swelling of the body due to a buildup of lymph.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to make

pictures of the insides of the body.

mammogram

A picture of the insides of the breast that is made by an x-ray

test.

mastectomy

Surgery to remove the whole breast.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

menopause

The point in time when menstrual periods end.

metaplastic carcinoma

Cancer that changed from one cell type to another.

mixed carcinoma

Cancer that has more than one cell type.

mucinous breast cancer

Cancer that has a lot of mucus around the cells. Also called

colloid breast cancer.

multiple-catheter boost radiation

Use of multiple small tubes to place radioactive seeds in your

body for treatment.

mutation

An abnormal change in the instructions within cells for

making and controlling cells.

neoadjuvant treatment

Treatment given before the main treatment used to cure

disease. Also called preoperative treatment.

nipple replacement

The rebuilding of a breast nipple.

noninvasive breast cancer

Cancer cells have not grown into the supporting tissue of the

breast.

ovarian ablation

Methods used to stop the ovaries from making hormones.

ovarian suppression

Methods used to lower the amount of hormones made by the

ovaries.

partial breast irradiation

Treatment with radiation that is only directed at the surgery

site.

pathologic stage

A rating of the extent of cancer based on tests given after

treatment.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.

pelvis

The area between the hip bones.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

positron emission tomography (PET)

Use of radioactive material to see the shape and function of

body parts.

postmenopause

The state of the end of menstrual periods.