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101

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Breast Cancer - Early-Stage

(STAGES I AND II)

, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

premenopause

The state of having regular menstrual periods.

progesterone

A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,

periods, and pregnancy.

puberty

The time when teens sexually develop.

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.

receptor

A protein within cells to which substances can attach.

recurrence

The return of cancer after a cancer-free period.

sentinel lymph node

The first lymph node to which cancer cells spread after

leaving the breast tumor.

sentinel lymph node biopsy

Surgery to remove the first lymph node(s) to which cancer

cells spread after leaving the breast tumor. Also called

sentinel lymph node dissection.

side effect

An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.

skin-sparing mastectomy

A surgery that removes all breast tissue but saves as much

breast skin as possible.

stroma

Supportive tissue in the breast.

supportive care

Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions cause by

cancer or cancer treatment.

supraclavicular

The area right above the collarbone.

surgical margin

The normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is

removed during surgery.

total mastectomy

Surgery that removes the entire breast but no chest muscles.

Also called simple mastectomy.

tubular breast cancer

Cancer that has cells that look like tubes.

ultrasound

Use of sound waves to make pictures of the insides of the

body.

volume displacement

The shifting of breast tissue.

whole breast radiation

Treatment of the entire breast with radiation from a machine

outside the body.