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38

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Breast Cancer - Early-Stage

(STAGES I AND II)

, Version 1.2016

3

Breast cancer surgery

Review

Review

• Lumpectomy and total mastectomy are the

two breast tumor surgeries used for stages I

and II breast cancer.

• Lumpectomy with radiation therapy is called

breast-conserving therapy.

• Some women with a large breast tumor may

be able to have breast-conserving therapy

after receiving neoadjuvant treatment.

• Sentinel lymph node dissection removes the

lymph nodes to which lymph first travels after

leaving the breast.

• Axillary lymph node dissection removes

sentinel lymph nodes and other lymph nodes

around the armpit.

• Volume displacement is the shifting of the

remaining breast tissue so as to fill the hole

left by the lumpectomy.

• Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is

done with breast implants, flaps, or both.