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36

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Breast Cancer – Locally Advanced (STAGE III)

Version 1.2017

4

Surgery

Overview

Surgery to remove cancer is often a key

part of treatment. Part 4 explains which

methods of removing the cancer may be

options for you. It also provides some

details on ways to rebuild breasts after

cancer surgery.

Overview

Surgery to remove the cancer is often a key part of

treatment for stage III breast cancer. The goal is to

remove all the cancer or as much as possible. This

will lower the chance of the cancer coming back.

During surgery, cancer in the breast and some

lymph nodes will be removed. There are two types

of surgeries that remove cancer in the breast.

See

Figure 11

. There are also two types of surgeries

to remove lymph nodes. Breast and lymph node

surgeries are described next.

Breast surgery

A lumpectomy removes the breast tumor(s) while

sparing healthy tissue. The tumor is removed along

with normal-looking tissue around its edge. The

normal-looking tissue is called a surgical margin.

A mastectomy removes the whole breast. There is

more than one type of mastectomy. For stage III

breast cancer, a total mastectomy is advised.

Figure 11

Breast surgery

There are two types of surgeries

that remove cancer from the

breast. The top picture shows the

start of a lumptectomy. A cut was

made large enough to remove

the tumor. The bottom picture

shows a total mastectomy. An

oval-shaped cut was made into

the breast. Next, the breast was

detached from the skin and

muscle and removed.

Illustration Copyright © 2017 Nucleus Medical Media, All rights reserved.

www.nucleusinc.com

Illustration Copyright © 2017 Nucleus Medical Media, All rights reserved.

www.nucleusinc.com