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77

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Breast Cancer – Locally Advanced (STAGE III)

Version 1.2017

Dictionary

lobule

A gland in the breast that makes breast milk.

local anesthesia

A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body from

drugs.

lumpectomy

Surgery to remove a breast lump and some normal tissue

around it.

luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)

A hormone in the brain that helps control the making of

estrogen by the ovaries.

lymph

A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymph node

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.

lymphedema

Swelling of the body due to a buildup of lymph.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to make

pictures of the insides of the body.

mammogram

A picture of the insides of the breast that is made by an

x-ray test.

mastectomy

Surgery to remove the whole breast.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

menopause

The point in time when menstrual periods end.

mutation

An abnormal change in the instructions within cells for

making and controlling cells.

neoadjuvant treatment

Treatment given before the main treatment used to cure

disease. Also called preoperative treatment.

nipple replacement

The rebuilding of a breast nipple.

ovarian ablation

Methods used to stop the ovaries from making hormones.

ovarian suppression

Methods used to lower the amount of hormones made by

the ovaries.

pathologic stage

A rating of the extent of cancer based on tests given after

treatment.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.

pelvis

The area between the hip bones.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

positron emission tomography (PET)

Use of radioactive material to see the shape and function of

body parts.

postmenopause

The state of the end of menstrual periods.

premenopause

The state of having regular menstrual periods.

progesterone

A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,

periods, and pregnancy.

puberty

The time when teens sexually develop.

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.

receptor

A protein within cells to which substances can attach.

recurrence

The return of cancer after a cancer-free period.

sentinel lymph node

The first lymph node to which cancer cells spread after

leaving the breast tumor.

sentinel lymph node biopsy

Surgery to remove the first lymph node(s) to which cancer

cells spread after leaving the breast tumor. Also called

sentinel lymph node dissection.

side effect

An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.