NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Breast Cancer – Metastatic (STAGE IV), Version 2.2017
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones.
A cancer drug that damages coded instructions in cells by
adding a chemical to it.
Symptoms caused when the body is trying to rid itself of
A cancer drug that damages and disrupts the making of
A drug that stops estrogen from attaching to cells.
A cancer drug that prevents the “building blocks” of DNA
from being used.
A darker, circular area of skin on the breast surrounding the
A drug that lowers the level of estrogen in the body.
axillary lymph node
A small group of special disease-fighting cells located near
Surgical removal of both ovaries.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
bone mineral density
A test that measures the strength of bones.
A test that uses radioactive material to assess for bone
Coded information within cells that helps to prevent tumor
growth by fixing damaged cells and helping cells grow
normally. Abnormal changes within these genes increases
the chances of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
Rating of the growth and spread of tumors.
Cancer that starts in cells that form the lining of organs and
structures in the body.
Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase
The layer of muscle, bone, and tissue on the outer part of
clinical breast exam
A physical exam of the breasts by a health professional to
feel for disease.
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A very thin and long molecule that contains genetic code.
Also called the “blueprint of life.”
A tube in the breast that drains breast milk.
A breast cancer that starts in a cell that lines the ducts of the