Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  51 / 60 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 51 / 60 Next Page
Page Background

49

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Breast Cancer – Metastatic (STAGE IV), Version 2.2017

Dictionary

medical oncologist

A doctor who’s an expert in cancer drugs.

menopause

The point in time when menstrual periods end.

metastasis

The spread of cancer beyond the breast and nearby lymph

nodes to distant sites like bone, lung, liver, or brain.

microtubule inhibitors

Cancer drugs that stop a cell from dividing into two cells.

mutation

An abnormal change in the instructions within cells for

making and controlling cells.

osteonecrosis

Death of bone tissue.

ovarian ablation

Methods used to stop the ovaries from making hormones.

ovarian suppression

Methods used to lower the amount of hormones made by

the ovaries.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.

pelvis

The area between the hip bones.

performance status

A rating of general health.

periodontal disease

A disease of the gums in the mouth.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

positron emission tomography (PET)

Use of radioactive material to see the shape and function of

body parts.

postmenopause

The state of the end of menstrual periods.

premenopause

The state of having regular menstrual periods.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.

progesterone

A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,

periods, and pregnancy.

prognosis

The expected pattern and outcome of a disease based on

tests.

protein kinase

A molecule that moves chemicals, called phosphates, from

one molecule to another.

puberty

The time when teens sexually develop.

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.

receptor

A protein within cells to which substances can attach.

regression

Decreases in the tumor size or spread of cancer.

selective estrogen receptor down-regulator

(SERD)

Cancer drug that blocks the effect of estrogen.

selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM)

Cancer drug that blocks the effect of estrogen.

side effect

An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.

stroma

Supportive tissue in the breast.

supportive care

Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions caused by

cancer or cancer treatment.

systemic therapy

Treatment of cancer throughout the body.

triple-negative breast cancer

Breast cancer that is not hormone-positive or HER2-

positive.