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32

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016

In Part 4, the main treatment types for

stomach cancer are briefly described.

Knowing what a treatment is will

help you understand your treatment

options listed in Part 5. There is

more than one treatment for stomach

cancer. Not every person will receive

every treatment described in this

chapter.

Endoscopic treatment

Some stomach tumors and high-risk tissue may be

treated with an endoscopic resection. This treatment

removes early tumors using tools inserted through

an endoscope.

See Figure 10

. Early tumors include

those confined to the first layer of the stomach

wall (Tis and T1a scores). Doctors who perform

endoscopic resections are called endoscopists.

There are two main types of endoscopic treatment.

Both types first inject a liquid under the tumor to move

it away from other tissue. However, the tools used to

remove the tumor differ. More details on how the two

types differ are discussed next.

4

Overview of cancer

treatments

32 Endoscopic treatment

35 Surgical treatment

37 Radiation therapy

40 Chemotherapy

43 Targeted therapy

45 Clinical trials

46 Review