NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016
Overview of cancer treatments Review
• Endoscopic resection removes early tumors with
small tools that are guided down the throat and
into the stomach.
• A gastrectomy removes some or all of the stomach
along with nearby lymph nodes through an incision
made in the belly area. This surgery may be done
through one large cut (open method) or a few
small cuts (minimally invasive method).
• Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill
cancer cells or stop new cancer cells from being
• Chemotherapy stops cancer cells from completing
their life cycle so they can’t increase in number.
• One type of targeted therapy stops the growth of
new blood vessels into stomach tumors. Without
blood, cancer cells starve and die. A second type
of targeted therapy for stomach cancer stops the
cancer cells from receiving certain growth signals.
• Clinical trials give people access to new tests
and treatments that otherwise can’t usually be
received. These new tests and treatments may, in
time, be approved by the FDA.