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81

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

gene

Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.

human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)

A protein on the edge of a cell that sends signals for the cell

to grow.

imaging

A test that makes pictures of the insides of the body.

immunohistochemistry (IHC)

A lab test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in

abnormal cell growth.

in situ hybridization (ISH)

A lab test that shows the number of a specific gene.

intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different

strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.

jejunostomy tube (J-tube)

A feeding tube that is inserted though a cut into the intestine.

Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS)

A rating scale of one’s ability to do daily activities.

lamina propria

Connective tissue within the mucosa of the stomach wall.

laparoscopy

Use of a thin tool inserted through a cut made into the belly

area.

lymph

A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymph node

A small group of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.

lymph node dissection

A type of surgery that removes some disease-fighting

structures called lymph nodes.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

medical oncologist

A doctor who’s an expert in cancer drugs.

metastasis

The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to another

body part.

mucosa

The first, inner layer of the stomach wall.

muscularis mucosae

A thin layer of muscle within the mucosa of the stomach wall.

muscularis propria

The third layer of the stomach wall made mostly of muscle.

nutritionist

An expert in healthy foods and drinks.

oncology surgeon

A doctor who’s an expert in cancer surgery.

pathologic stage

A rating of the extent of cancer based on tests after

treatment.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells to find disease.

pelvis

The area of the body between the hip bones.

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)

A feeding tube inserted through a small cut into the stomach.

physical exam

A study of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

positron emission tomography-computed

tomography (PET/CT)

A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to see the

shape and function of body parts.

primary treatment

The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.

radiation oncologist

A doctor who’s an expert in radiation treatment.

radiation therapy

The use of radiation to treat cancer.

radiologist

A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.