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82

83

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Acronyms

1

Glossary

Dictionary

Acronyms

3D-CRT

three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

AJCC

American Joint Committee on Cancer

CAM

complementary and alternative medicine

CBC

complete blood count

CT

computed tomography

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

EBRT

external beam radiation therapy

ECOG

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EGJ

esophagogastric junction

EMR

endoscopic mucosal resection

ESD

endoscopic submucosal dissection

EUS

endoscopic ultrasound

FAP

familial adenomatous polyposis

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FNA

fine-needle aspiration

GI

gastrointestinal

HDGC

hereditary diffuse gastric cancer

HER2

human epidermal growth factor receptor 2

HNPCC

hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer

IHC

immunohistochemistry

IMRT

intensity-modulated radiation therapy

ISH

in situ hybridization

J-tube

jejunostomy tube

KPS

Karnofsky Performance Status

PEG

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

PET

positron emission tomography

PET/CT

positron emission tomography/computed tomography

VEGF

vascular endothelial growth factor

NCCN Abbreviations and Acronyms

NCCN

®

National Comprehensive Cancer Network

®

NCCN Patient Guidelines

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

NCCN Guidelines

®

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

®

recurrence

The return of cancer after treatment.

sedative

A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.

serosa

The outer layer of the stomach wall that makes fluid so

that organs can slide against one another. Also called the

visceral peritoneum.

side effect

An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response

to treatment.

small intestine

The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.

spleen

An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the

body from disease.

submucosa

The second layer of the stomach wall made mostly of

connective tissue.

subserosa

A thin layer of connective tissue within the wall of the

stomach.

supportive care

Treatment for symptoms of a disease.

surface receptor

Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to

grow.

surgical margin

The normal tissue around the tumor removed during

surgery.

targeted therapy

Drugs that stop the growth process specific to cancer cells.

upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy

Use of a thin tool guided down the throat into the esophagus

and stomach. Also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy

(EGD).

vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.