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82

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Stomach Cancer, Version 1.2016

1

Glossary

Dictionary

recurrence

The return of cancer after treatment.

sedative

A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.

serosa

The outer layer of the stomach wall that makes fluid so

that organs can slide against one another. Also called the

visceral peritoneum.

side effect

An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response

to treatment.

small intestine

The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.

spleen

An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the

body from disease.

submucosa

The second layer of the stomach wall made mostly of

connective tissue.

subserosa

A thin layer of connective tissue within the wall of the

stomach.

supportive care

Treatment for symptoms of a disease.

surface receptor

Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to

grow.

surgical margin

The normal tissue around the tumor removed during

surgery.

targeted therapy

Drugs that stop the growth process specific to cancer cells.

upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy

Use of a thin tool guided down the throat into the esophagus

and stomach. Also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy

(EGD).

vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.