NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017
Your doctor will offer treatment options based on
your health and disease status. He or she will have
information to share with you about the type of
targeted therapy and its possible effects on your
Common side effects of targeted therapy may
Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
Not wanting to eat
Nausea and vomiting
Low blood cell counts
High blood pressure
Some targeted therapies have serious side effects
that can affect your heart, skin, and digestive system.
Ask your treatment team for a complete list of side
effects for the cancer drug you are taking. Share any
side effects you have with your treatment team so
they can help you feel better.
A clinical trial is a type of research study that people
choose to take part in. Clinical trials help doctors
learn how to prevent, diagnose, and treat a disease
like cancer. Because of clinical trials, doctors find
safe and helpful ways to improve cancer care. This
guide provides information about many of those tests
and treatments used to help people with cancer.
Clinical trials go through levels or phases of testing.
These phases help move the research along to find
out what works best for patients with cancer.
Phase I looks at how much drug to give, its side
effects, and how often to give the treatment.
Phase II tests for side effects and how it works
on the cancer type.
Phase III compares the new treatment (or new
use of treatment) to what is commonly used.
Phase IV follows late side effects and if the
treatment still works after a long period.
All clinical trials have a plan and are carefully led by
a medical team. Patients in a clinical trial are often
alike with their cancer type and general health. You
can join a clinical trial when you meet certain terms
If you decide to join a trial, you will need to review
and sign a paper called an informed consent
form. This form describes the clinical trial in detail,
including the risks and benefits. Even after you sign
consent, you can stop taking part in a clinical trial at
Some benefits of a clinical trial:
You’ll have access to the most current cancer
You will be closely watched by your medical
You may help other patients with cancer