NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017
Some risks of a clinical trial:
Like any test or treatment, there may be side
New tests or treatments may not work
You may have to visit the hospital more
Ask your doctor or nurse if a clinical trial may be an
option for you. There may be clinical trials where
you’re getting treatment or at other treatment centers
nearby. You can also find clinical trials through the
websites listed in Part 8,
Surgery is the main treatment for thyroid
Radioactive iodine therapy may be an option for
papillary and follicular thyroid cancer.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to
Drugs can be given to replace the thyroid
hormones you need to function.
Chemotherapy is usually given to people with
anaplastic thyroid cancer, but is used for other
types of cancers only in very rare cases.
Targeted therapies are drugs that sometimes
can directly kill cancer cells. Kinase inhibitors
are a type of targeted therapy.
Clinical trials help doctors learn how to prevent,
diagnose, and treat a disease like cancer.
is a group of treatments sometimes used by
people with cancer. Many CAMs are being
studied to see if they are truly helpful.
Complementary medicines are meant to be
used alongside standard therapies, most
often for relaxation, improving your health,
or to prevent or reduce side effects.
Alternative medicine is treatment or
techniques that are used instead of
standard treatments such as chemotherapy
or radiation. Some are sold as cures even
though they haven’t been proven to work in
Many cancer centers or local hospitals have
complementary therapy programs that offer
acupuncture, yoga, and other types of therapy.
It’s important to tell your treatment team if
you are using any complementary medicine,
especially supplements, vitamins, or herbs.
Some of these things can interfere with your
cancer treatment. For more information about
CAM, ask your doctor and visit the websites in