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NCCN Guidelines for Patients



Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017


Cancer treatment


Some risks of a clinical trial:



Like any test or treatment, there may be side




New tests or treatments may not work



You may have to visit the hospital more

Ask your doctor or nurse if a clinical trial may be an

option for you. There may be clinical trials where

you’re getting treatment or at other treatment centers

nearby. You can also find clinical trials through the

websites listed in Part 8,






Surgery is the main treatment for thyroid




Radioactive iodine therapy may be an option for

papillary and follicular thyroid cancer.



Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to

treat cancer.



Drugs can be given to replace the thyroid

hormones you need to function.



Chemotherapy is usually given to people with

anaplastic thyroid cancer, but is used for other

types of cancers only in very rare cases.



Targeted therapies are drugs that sometimes

can directly kill cancer cells. Kinase inhibitors

are a type of targeted therapy.



Clinical trials help doctors learn how to prevent,

diagnose, and treat a disease like cancer.

Complementary and

alternative medicine



omplementary and





is a group of treatments sometimes used by

people with cancer. Many CAMs are being

studied to see if they are truly helpful.



Complementary medicines are meant to be

used alongside standard therapies, most

often for relaxation, improving your health,

or to prevent or reduce side effects.



Alternative medicine is treatment or

techniques that are used instead of

standard treatments such as chemotherapy

or radiation. Some are sold as cures even

though they haven’t been proven to work in

clinical trials.

Many cancer centers or local hospitals have

complementary therapy programs that offer

acupuncture, yoga, and other types of therapy.

It’s important to tell your treatment team if

you are using any complementary medicine,

especially supplements, vitamins, or herbs.

Some of these things can interfere with your

cancer treatment. For more information about

CAM, ask your doctor and visit the websites in

Part 8.