NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017
A type of cancer drug that is given after the main treatment
used to cure the cancer.
anaplastic thyroid cancer
An aggressive type of thyroid cancer with undifferentiated
Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness that is
caused by drugs.
A protein made by white blood cells that helps fight off
infection. Also called an immunoglobulin.
Any substance that activates the immune system.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
A hollow tube that circulates blood throughout the body.
Soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones where
blood cells are made.
Cells in the thyroid that make calcitonin. These cells are
also called parafollicular cells.
A hormone made by the C cells of the thyroid gland. It helps
control the calcium level in the blood.
A mineral needed for healthy teeth, bones, and other body
The rating of the growth and spread of cancer.
carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
A tumor marker that may be found with medullary thyroid
cancer or other cancer types like colon or rectal cancer.
Different types of cancer cells that are grouped based on
how the cells look when viewed with a microscope.
central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord.
cervical lymph node
Groups of disease-fighting cells that are within the neck.
Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase
Strands of genetic material inside of cells
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells in a sample.
comprehensive metabolic panel
Tests of up to 14 chemicals in your blood.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view body parts.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
core needle biopsy
Removal of a large tissue sample with a wide, hollow needle
to test for disease.
A closed sac in the body filled with air or fluid.
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded
instructions for making and controlling cells.
A disease that causes high levels of blood sugar.
To identify a disease.