NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017
Measurement of the different types of white blood cells
present in a blood sample.
Cells that look similar to normal cells when examined under
The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to a far site.
A system of the body that includes organs and glands that
make hormones that control body functions.
A doctor who specializes in the endocrine system. This
system makes hormones.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Treatment with radiation received from a machine outside
Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits
one’s ability to function.
fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body
to test for disease.
A mix of fluoride and glucose used to see cancer on certain
follicular thyroid cancer
A type of thyroid cancer that starts in the follicular cells.
Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.
Abnormal change in the coded instructions in cells for
making and controlling cells. Also called genetic mutation.
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
Tests that assess the chance for a disease caused by coded
instructions in cells.
A chemical in the body that activates cells or organs.
Hürthle cell thyroid cancer
A rare type of thyroid cancer that is hard to diagnose.
A treatable condition in which the thyroid makes too much
thyroid hormone. It causes symptoms like weight loss, rapid
heartbeat, nervousness, and poor sleep.
A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body.
The body’s natural defense against illness.
A protein made by white blood cells that helps fight off
infection. Also called an antibody.
A type of drug that modifies some parts of the body’s
intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Treatment with radiation that uses small beams of different
strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.
The body needs this element to make thyroid hormones.
Iodized salt and certain foods contain this element.
Organ that removes waste from the blood and helps to
Surgery to remove one lobe of the thyroid gland.
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body
caused by drugs.
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
A network in the body that collects and transports a fluid
(lymph) and fights germs.
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.