Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  79 / 90 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 79 / 90 Next Page
Page Background


NCCN Guidelines for Patients



Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017



Measurement of the different types of white blood cells

present in a blood sample.

differentiated cells

Cells that look similar to normal cells when examined under

a microscope.

distant metastases

The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to a far site.

endocrine system

A system of the body that includes organs and glands that

make hormones that control body functions.


A doctor who specializes in the endocrine system. This

system makes hormones.

external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

Treatment with radiation received from a machine outside

the body.


Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits

one’s ability to function.

fine-needle aspiration (FNA)

Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body

to test for disease.

fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)

A mix of fluoride and glucose used to see cancer on certain

imaging tests.

follicular thyroid cancer

A type of thyroid cancer that starts in the follicular cells.


Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.

gene mutation

Abnormal change in the coded instructions in cells for

making and controlling cells. Also called genetic mutation.

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

genetic testing

Tests that assess the chance for a disease caused by coded

instructions in cells.


A chemical in the body that activates cells or organs.

Hürthle cell thyroid cancer

A rare type of thyroid cancer that is hard to diagnose.


A treatable condition in which the thyroid makes too much

thyroid hormone. It causes symptoms like weight loss, rapid

heartbeat, nervousness, and poor sleep.

imaging test

A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body.

immune system

The body’s natural defense against illness.


A protein made by white blood cells that helps fight off

infection. Also called an antibody.


A type of drug that modifies some parts of the body’s

disease-fighting system.

intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Treatment with radiation that uses small beams of different

strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.


The body needs this element to make thyroid hormones.

Iodized salt and certain foods contain this element.


Organ that removes waste from the blood and helps to

digest food.


Surgery to remove one lobe of the thyroid gland.

local anesthesia

A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body

caused by drugs.


A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymphatic system

A network in the body that collects and transports a fluid

(lymph) and fights germs.

lymph node

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.