NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Thyroid Cancer, Version 1.2017
Something that affects or helps predict the likely outcome of
The growth or spread of cancer after being tested or treated.
A doctor who is an expert in radiation therapy to treat
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Treatment that kills cancer cells with heat.
radioactive iodine (RAI) imaging
Low doses of radioactive iodine used for a test. This may be
a scan of the thyroid or whole body done before, during, or
after treatment. Also known as RAI imaging, 131I imaging,
or thyroid scan.
radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy
Treatment using radioactive iodine to kill thyroid cancer cells
in the body. Larger doses are used for therapy.
Radioactive iodine used in tests or treatment for thyroid
disease or other cancers.
A doctor who is an expert in reading imaging tests.
A substance that releases a small amount of radiation.
The return of cancer after a disease-free period.
A type of drug used for short-term loss of feeling or
awareness in a part of the body without loss of wakefulness.
A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.
An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.
A small mass of tissue with high density.
Cancer that is not getting worse or better in terms of its
stem cell transplant
A cancer treatment that destroys bone marrow then
replaces it by adding healthy blood stem cells.
A drug used to reduce redness, swelling, and pain, but also
to kill cancer cells.
Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions caused by
cancer or cancer treatment. Also called palliative care.
An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.
Follow-up testing that is done after treatment ends to look
for new tumors.
A physical sign or patient report of a health condition.
Drugs that are used to treat cancer cells throughout the
Drugs that stop the growth process that is specific to cancer
A protein made by the thyroid that can be measured after
treatment (surgery) and during follow-up care.
Surgery to remove the whole thyroid gland.
A gland located in the throat, just beneath the voice box.
Thin part of thyroid gland that connects the left and right
thyroid replacement hormone therapy
Therapy given to replace the thyroid hormone. It is no longer
being made by the thyroid gland since it has been removed.
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
A hormone made by the pituitary gland. It tells the thyroid to
make thyroid hormones.
A written course of action through cancer treatment and