NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia, Version 1.2017
Steroids | Targeted therapy
Common side effects of chemotherapy are:
Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of taste
Not wanting to eat
Low blood cell counts
Not all side effects of chemotherapy are listed here.
Side effects are usually grouped by whether they
are more or less likely to occur. Some side effects
can be long-term or appear years later like another
cancer, heart disease, or not being able to have
children (infertility). It is helpful to ask your doctor
for a complete list of side effects. Learn how you
can prevent and cope with possible side effects of
Steroids are a type of drug that is often used to
relieve inflammation. Steroids are toxic to lymphoma
cells and therefore have strong anti-cancer effects.
Prednisone and dexamethasone are two of these
See Guide 4.
Steroid is the short name for
Steroids are a part of some chemotherapy regimens.
They are given on the same days as chemotherapy
but only for a few days or a week. Most are pills, but
dexamethasone can also be injected. Side effects
can happen with steroids. However, most side effects
go away once the steroid is stopped.
Common side effects of steroids are:
Slow wound healing
Swelling in the ankles, feet, and hands
Increased blood sugar
Increased risk of infection
Targeted therapies are drugs that sometimes can
directly kill cancer cells. They may also affect the
chemical signals between different cells and stop
their growth. This treatment is less likely to harm
normal cells than chemotherapy. Targeted therapies
can be given alone or combined with other drugs.
These other drugs are chemotherapy or steroids to
treat WM. Common side effects are listed below.
Your doctor will have a complete list of side effects.
He or she will have information to share with you
about the types of targeted therapies and their
possible effects on your body.